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Weimarainer – Breed Standard 2018-03-20T18:04:15+00:00

The Weimaraner

BREED STANDARD

The Weimaraner or the Weimaraner Standing Dog is one of Germany’s oldest known dog breeds.
According to the French, they are the cradle of the breed, and only when the breeding in France fell into decline was taken over by the German court of Weimar. We assume that the breed was carefully developed by noble patrons at Weimar’s court. There he was used as an all-round hunting dog and guarded fearfully. So you could not simply get a dog there. This was reserved for good owners so people who were going to use this dog in practice otherwise you did not get one.

Today, it is still the case with many breeders in Germany that you cannot buy Weimaraner without hunting deeds, so they want to keep the Weimaraner’s hunting instinct well and do not make it a normal household dog. This does not mean that the Weimaraner is not a good household dog. If he gets enough movement and mental challenge (through hunting training or agility) it is a very calm dog at home.

A brief summary

INCREDIBLY INTELLIGENT DOG

The Weimaraner, with its short, dense, mouse to silver-gray coat, is a dog who needs an obedience training early in order not to become a nasty dog. It is an incredibly intelligent dog that is highly sensitive to reward with voice and sweets. A well-trained Weimaraner is a very good and reliable hunting dog. It is a dog who needs a long walk every day, where he runs loose. But you’re not there yet. As mentioned earlier, they also need mental challenges. Obedience, hunting and agility courses are therefore spent on a Weimaraner. It is good for the relationship between you and your Weimaraner to do things together.

Nowadays they are used in police work, search and rescue actions, tracking and in agility sports. And of course in the hunt; fieldwork, play fetch and sweat work. We breed with a crossing of English, German and American lines, that is, the dogs ask for a clear guidance. The dogs find it great if they can work for you, do assignments, agility is just as good as hunting training. But for a Weimaraner the last is ideal. The dogs we breed are real hunting dogs with a well-developed hunt instinct, that is, you need to train them early on and so that they keep returning to you and leaving wildlife alone (e.g. ducks in the ditch).

Basics

BREED STANDARD

TRANSLATION: C. Seidler / Official language : DE.
ORIGIN: Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL VALID
STANDARD: 19.03.2015.
UTILIZATION: According to his the hunting purpose as a versatile hunting dog, the Weimaraner must possess all the talents required of him, and be able to be used for all works in the field, wood, and water, in a performance oriented manner, before and after the shot.
FCI-CLASSIFICATION:

  • Group 7 Pointing Dogs.
  • Section 1.1 Continental Pointing Dogs, Type “Braque”.
  • With working trial.

GENERAL APPEARANCE: Medium to a large size hunting dog. Functional working type, pleasing in shape, sinewy and very muscular. The difference in type between dogs and bitches easily distinguished.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: Length of the body to the height at withers approximately 12:11. Proportions of the head; from the tip of nose to stop slightly longer than from stop to occiput. Forequarter distance from elbow to mid-pastern and distance from elbow to point of withers about equal.

BEHAVIOR / TEMPERAMENT: Versatile, easily trained steady and passionate hunting dog. Persevering in systematic search, yet not too lively. Remarkable ability to pick up the scent. Ready to seize the game and other prey; he is a good watchdog, without aggressiveness, however. Reliable pointing dog and worker in water. Remarkable inclination to work after the shot.

Head

BREED STANDARD

CRANIAL REGION:
Skull: In balance with the size of body and facial region. Broader in dogs than bitches, yet in both, the relationship between the width of the cranial region to the total length of the head must be in good proportion. Median groove on the forehead. Slightly to moderately protruding occipital bone. Zygomatic arches easily traceable behind the eyes.
Stop: Extremely slight.

FACIAL REGION:
Nose: Nose leather large, protruding over the under the jaw. Dark flesh color, merging gradually into gray towards the rear.
Muzzle: Long and, especially in the male, powerful, appearing almost angular. A region of canines and carnassial teeth equally strong. Bridge of nose straight, often slightly arched, never with a concave curve. Moderately deep, flesh-colored, as are the gums. Slight labial corner.

Jaws/Teeth: Jaws strong; teeth complete, regular and strong. Top and bottom incisors closely touching scissor bite.
Cheeks: Muscular, clearly defined.
Eyes: Amber color, dark to pale, with an intelligent expression. Skyblue in puppies. Round, set barely slanting. Lids well fitting.
Ears: Lobular, broad and fairly long, just reaching to the corner of the mouth. Set on high and narrow, forming a rounded off point at the tip. In alertness, turned slightly forward, folded.

NECK: Good carriage. Upper line arched upwards in profile. Muscular, nearly round, not too short, clean. Becoming stronger towards the shoulders and merging harmoniously into the top line and chest.

Body

BREED STANDARD

Topline: From the arched neckline, over the well-defined withers the topline merges gradually into the relatively long back.
Withers: Well defined.
Back: Muscular, without a dip. Not running up towards the rear. A slightly longer back, a breed characteristic, is not a fault.
Loin: Broad, muscular, straight to slightly arched, the transition from back to loin well closed.
Croup: Pelvis long and moderately sloped.
Chest: Strong but not unduly broad, with sufficient depth to reach almost to elbows and of sufficient length. Well sprung without being barrel-shaped and with long ribs. Forechest well developed.
Underline and belly: Rising slightly, but belly not tucked up.

TAIL: Set on slightly lower than with other similar breeds. Tail strong and well coated. Carried hanging down in repose. When alert or working, carried level or higher. In countries where it is allowed by law, appropriately tail docking is permissible for shorthaired Weimaraner used for hunting.

LIMBS
FOREQUARTERS:
General appearance: High on the leg, sinewy, straight and parallel, but not standing wide.
Shoulder: Long and sloping. Well fitting, strongly muscled. Well angulated shoulder joint.
Upper arm: Sloping, sufficiently long and strong.
Elbow: Free and lying parallel to median plane of body. Turned neither in nor out.
Forearm: Long, straight and vertical.
Carpus (Wrist): Strong and taut.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Sinewy, slightly sloping.
Forefeet: Firm and strong. Standing straight in relation to the median plane of body. Toes arched. Longer middle toes are a breed characteristic and therefore not a fault. Nails light to dark gray. Pads well pigmented, coarse.

HINDQUARTERS:
General appearance: High on leg, sinewy and well muscled. Standing parallel, turning neither in nor out.
Thigh: Sufficiently long, strong and well muscled.
Stifle (Knee): Strong and taut.
Lower thigh: Long with clearly visible tendons.
Hock joint: Strong and taut.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Sinewy, almost vertical in position.
Hind feet: Tight and firm, without dewclaws, otherwise like front feet.

GAIT/MOVEMENT: Movement in all gaits is ground covering and smooth. Hind and front legs set parallel to each other. Gallop long and flat. Back remains level when trotting. Pacing is undesirable.

SKIN: Strong. Well, but not too tight fitting.

Coat, size and weight

BREED STANDARD

HAIR:
Short-haired: Short (but longer and thicker than with most comparable breeds), strong, very dense, smooth lying topcoat. Without or with only very sparse undercoat.
Longhaired: Soft, long topcoat with or without undercoat. Smooth or slightly wavy. Long flowing hair at ear set on. Velvety hair is permissible on tips of leathers. Length of coat on flanks 3–5 cm. On lower side of neck, forechest and belly, generally somewhat longer. Good feathering and breeching, yet less long towards ground. Tail with good flag. Hair between toes. Hair on head less long. A type of coat similar to a double-coat (Stockhaar) with medium length, dense, close fitting topcoat, thick undercoat and moderately developed feathering and breeching, sometimes occurs in dogs of mixed ancestry.
Colour: Silver, roe or mouse grey, as well as shades of these colours. Head and leathers generally slightly paler. Only small white markings on chest and toes permitted. Sometimes a more or less defined trace occurs along the back.

SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at the the withers: Males: 59 – 70 cm  •  Females: 57 – 65 cm.
Weight: Males: about 30 – 40 kg  •  Females: about 25 – 35 kg.

Faults

BREED STANDARD

FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.

SEVERE FAULTS:
• Widely spread woolly coat in the shorthaired variety.
• Extremely curly or sparse feathering in the longhaired variety.
• White markings except on chest and toes.
• Ears: Feathering extremely short or long, not turned.
• Back: Severe sway or roach back. Definitely overbuilt at croup.
• Particularly pronounced dewlap.
• Definitive bow or cow hocks.
• Poor angulation definitely turned outward turned elbows. Open paws.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS:
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioral abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• A significant deviation in type, untypical for sex.
• Serious deviation in the proportions.
• Size more than 2 cm outside the standard.
• Absolutely untypical, above lumbering or weak.
• Absolute disproportionate.
• Extremely impaired when walking.
• Skin malformations and defects.
• Partial or total hair loss.
• Lack of feathering on belly or ears.
• Deviations from grey tones, such as yellow or brownish, tan brand.
• Colour other than gray. Blue coloring.
• Foreface absolutely untypical.
• Facial region: Absolutely untypical i.e. distinctly concave nasal bridge. Muzzle too short, pointed, roman nose or with too short flews.
• Entropion, ectropion. Slight and one-sided lid defects.
• Jaw and teeth: Missing more than two PM1 or M3.
• Chest, belly: malformations; barrel chest; insufficient chest depth or length; definitely tucked up belly.
• Malformed legs.
• Other malformations.
• Excessively aggressive towards dogs or people, excessive fear.
• Clearly showing behavioral abnormalities

N.B.:
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation, should be used for breeding. The latest amendments are in bold characters.